Theraplay® is a short-term, therapist-directed play therapy for children and their parents. It is designed to enhance attachment, raise self-esteem, improve trust in others, and create joyful engagement. Theraplay® is based on the natural patterns of healthy interaction between parent and child, and is personal, physical, and fun. Theraplay® interactions focus on five essential qualities found in parent-child relationships: Structure, Engagement, Nurture, Challenge, and Playfulness. Theraplay® sessions create an active and empathic connection between the child and the parents, resulting in a changed view of the self as worthy and lovable and of relationships as positive and rewarding. Parents are actively involved in the treatment and empowered to continue on their own the health promoting interactions of the treatment sessions.